Chapter 6
 Second Edition
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(no author): "Report of the Working Group on: 'Molecular and Biochemical Markers of Alzheimer's Disease.'" Neurobiology of Aging (1998) 19(2):109-116.

(no author): "Consensus Recommendations for the Postmortem Diagnosis of Alzheimer's Disease." Neurobiology of Aging (1997) 18(S4):S1-S2.

Amar K, Wilcock GK, Scot M, Lewis T : "The presence of leuko-araiosis in patients with Alzheimer's disease predicts poor tolerance to tacrine, but does not discriminate responders from non-responders." Age Ageing. (1997) Jan;26(1) 25-9.

Aviv JE: "Effects of aging on sensitivity of the pharyngeal and supraglottic areas." American Journal of Medicine (1997) Nov 24;103(5A):74S-76S.

Bains JS, Shaw CA: "Neurodegenerative disorders in humans: the role of glutathione in oxidative stress-mediated neuronal death." Brain Research. Brain Research Reviews (1997) Dec;25(3):335-358.

Barber CE: "Olfactory acuity as a function of age and gender: a comparison of African and American samples." International Journal of Aging and Human Development (1997) 44(4):317-334.

Beffert U, Poirier J : "Apolipoprotein E, plaques, tangles and cholinergic dysfunction in Alzheimer's disease." Ann N Y Acad Sci. (1996) Jan 17;777 166-74.

Birge SJ, Mortel KF : "Estrogen and the treatment of Alzheimer's disease." Am J Med. (1997) Sep 22;103(3A) 36S-45S.

Birren JE, Fisher LM: "Aging and speed of behavior: possible consequences for psychological functioning." Annual Review of Psychology (1995) 46:329-353.

Bitsios P, Prettyman R, Szabadi E: "Changes in autonomic function with age: a study of pupillary kinetics in healthy young and old people." Age and Ageing (1996) Nov;25(6):432-438.

Bohlhalter S, Murck H, Holsboer F, Steiger A: "Cortisol enhances non-REM sleep and growth hormone secretion in elderly subjects." Neurobiology of Aging (1997) Jul;18(4):423-429.

Buee L, Hof PR, Delacourte A: "Brain microvascular changes in Alzheimer's disease and other dementias."Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences (1997) Sep 26;826:7-24.

Cagnacci A, Krauchi K, Wirz-Justice A, Volpe A: "Homeostatic versus circadian effects of melatonin on core body temperature in humans." Journal of Biological Rhythms (1997) Dec;12(6):509-517.

Caprio-Prevette MD, Fry PS: "Memory enhancement program for community-based older adults: development and evaluation." Experimental Aging Research (1996) Jul;22(3):281-303.

Carr DB, Goate A, Phil D, Morris JC: "Current concepts in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease." American Journal of Medicine (1997) Sep 22;103(3A):3S-10S.

Caruso AJ, McClowry MT, Max L: "Age-related effects on speech fluency." Seminars in Speech and Language (1997) May;18(2):171-179.

Charlesworth B: "Evolution of senescence: Alzheimer's disease and evolution." Current Biology (1996) Jan 1;6(1):20-22.

Copinschi G, Van Cauter E: "Effects of ageing on modulation of hormonal secretions by sleep and circadian rhythmicity." Hormone Research (1995) 43(1-3):20-24.

Cowen T, Gavazzi I: "Plasticity in adult and ageing sympathetic neurons." Progress in Neurobiology (1998) Feb;54(3):249-288.

de Leon MJ, Convit A, George AE, Golomb J, de Santi S, Tarshish C, Rusinek H, Bobinski M, Ince C, Miller D, Wisniewski H : "In vivo structural studies of the hippocampus in normal aging and in incipient Alzheimer's disease." Ann N Y Acad Sci. (1996) Jan 17;777 1-13.

De Jong GI, De Vos RA, Steur EN, Luiten PG: "Cerebrovascular hypoperfusion: a risk factor for Alzheimer's disease? Animal model and postmortem human studies." Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences (1997) Sep 26;826:56-74.

Dickson DW: "The pathogenesis of senile plaques." Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology (1997) Apr;56(4):321-339.

Donahue JL, Lowenthal DT: "Nocturnal polyuria in the elderly person." American Journal of the Medical Sciences (1997) Oct;314(4):232-238.

Dubbels R, Reiter RJ, Klenke E, Goebel A, Schnakenberg E, Ehlers C, Schiwara HW, Schloot W: "Melatonin in edible plants identified by radioimmunoassay and by high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry." J. Pineal Res (1995) 18:28-31.

Feuerstein TJ, Seeger W: "Modulation of acetylcholine release in human cortical slices: possible implications for Alzheimer's disease." Pharmacology and Therapeutics (1997) 74(3):333-347.

Forbes WF, Gentleman JF, Park E : "Dementia and age at death." Exp Gerontol. (1995) Sep-Oct;30(5) 445-53.

Gasiorowski K, Leszek J: "A proposed new strategy of immunotherapy for Alzheimer's disease." Medical Hypotheses (1997) Oct;49(4):319-326.

Giambra LM: "Sustained attention and aging: overcoming the decrement?." Experimental Aging Research (1997) Apr;23(2):145-161.

Giannakopoulos P, Hof PR, Michel JP, Guimon J, Bouras C: "Cerebral cortex pathology in aging and Alzheimer's disease: a quantitative survey of large hospital-based geriatric and psychiatric cohorts." Brain Research. Brain Research Reviews (1997) Oct;25(2):217-245.

Goedert M : "Tau protein and the neurofibrillary pathology of Alzheimer's disease." Ann N Y Acad Sci. (1996) Jan 17;777 121-31.

Grammas P, Botchlet TR, Moore P, Weigel PH : "Production of neurotoxic factors by brain endothelium in Alzheimer's disease." Ann N Y Acad Sci. (1997) Sep 26;826 47-55.

Hachinski V, Munoz DG : "Cerebrovascular pathology in Alzheimer's disease: cause, effect or epiphenomenon?." Ann N Y Acad Sci. (1997) Sep 26;826 1-6.

Hattori A, Migitaka H, Iigo M, Itoh M, Yamamoto K, Ohtani-Kaneko R, Hara M, Suzuki T, Reiter RJ: "Identification of melatonin in plants and its effect on plasma melatonin levels and binding to melatonin receptors in vertebrates." Biochem. Mol. Biol. Int. (1995) 35:627-634.

Henderson VW : "Estrogen, cognition, and a woman's risk of Alzheimer's disease." Am J Med. (1997) Sep 22;103(3A) 11S-18S.

Hock C, Villringer K, Muller-Spahn F, Hofmann M, Schuh-Hofer S, Heekeren H, Wenzel R, Dirnagl U, Villringer A: "Near infrared spectroscopy in the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease." Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences (1996) Jan 17;777:22-29.

Hof PR: "Morphology and neurochemical characteristics of the vulnerable neurons in brain aging and Alzheimer's disease." European Neurology (1997) 37(2):71-81.

Hofman MA: "Lifespan changes in the human hypothalamus." Experimental Gerontology (1997) Jul;32(4-5):559-575.

Hoyer S: "Oxidative metabolism deficiencies in brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease." Acta Neurolologica Scandinavica. Supplementum (1996) 165:18-24.

Huppert F, Wilcock G: "Ageing, cognition and dementia." Age and Ageing (1997) Dec;26 Suppl 4:20-23.

Hyman BT, Gomez-Isla T, West H, Briggs M, Chung H, Growdon JH, Rebeck GW : "Clinical and neuropathological correlates of apolipoprotein E genotype in Alzheimer's disease. Window on molecular epidemiology." Ann N Y Acad Sci. (1996) Jan 17;777 158-65.

Jelicic M: "Aging and performance on implicit memory tasks: a brief review." International Journal of Neuroscience (1995) Jun;82(3-4):155-161.

Kalaria RN, Cohen DL, Premkumar DR, "Apolipoprotein E alleles and brain vascular pathology in Alzheimer's disease." Ann N Y Acad Sci. (1996) Jan 17;777 266-70.

Kalaria RN: "Cerebral vessels in ageing and Alzheimer's disease." Pharmacology and Therapeutics (1996) 72(3):193-214.

Knight JA: "Reactive oxygen species and the neurodegenerative disorders." Annals of Clinical Laboratory Science (1997) Jan;27(1):11-25.

Kubeck JE, Delp ND, Haslett TK, McDaniel MA: "Does job-related training performance decline with age?." Psychology and Aging (1996) Mar;11(1):92-107.

Lexell J: "Evidence for nervous system degeneration with advancing age." Journal of Nutrition (1997) May;127(5 Suppl):1011S-1013S.

Lubinski R, Welland RJ : "Normal aging and environmental effects on communication." Semin Speech Lang. (1997) May;18(2) 107-25.

Madden KS, Rajan S, Bellinger DL, Felten SY, Felten DL: "Age-associated alterations in sympathetic neural interactions with the immune system." Developmental and Comparative Immunology (1997) Nov;21(6):479-486.

Mahley RW, Nathan BP, Pitas RE : "Apolipoprotein E. Structure, function, and possible roles in Alzheimer's disease." Ann N Y Acad Sci. (1996) Jan 17;777 139-45.

Masliah E, Mallory M, Veinbergs I, Miller A, Samuel W: "Alterations in apolipoprotein E expression during aging and neurodegeneration." Progress in Neurobiology (1996) Dec;50(5-6):493-503.

McCann SM: "The nitric oxide hypothesis of brain aging." Experimental Gerontology (1997) Jul;32(4-5):431-440.

McEwen BS, Magarinos AM: "Stress effects on morphology and function of the hippocampus." Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences (1997) Jun 21;821:271-284.

Meek PD, McKeithan K, Schumock GT: "Economic considerations in Alzheimer's disease." Pharmacotherapy (1998) Mar;18(2 Pt 2):68-73.

Monk TH, Buysse DJ, Reynolds CF 3rd, Kupfer DJ, Houck PR: "Circadian temperature rhythms of older people." Experimental Gerontology (1995) Sep;30(5):455-474.

Moody DM, Brown WR, Challa VR, Ghazi-Birry HS, Reboussin DM: "Cerebral microvascular alterations in aging, leukoaraiosis, and Alzheimer's disease." Annals of the New York Academy of Science (1997) Sep 26;826:103-116.

Morrison JH, Hof PR: "Life and death of neurons in the aging brain." Science (1997) Oct 17;278(5337):412-419.

Muir JL: "Acetylcholine, aging, and Alzheimer's disease." Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior (1997) Apr;56(4):687-696.

Multhaup G, Ruppert T, Schlicksupp A, Hesse L, Beher D, Masters CL, Beyreuther K: "Reactive oxygen species and Alzheimer's disease." Biochemical Pharmacology (1997) Sep 1;54(5):533-539.

Munch G, Thome J, Foley P, Schinzel R, Riederer P: "Advanced glycation end products in ageing and Alzheimer's disease." Brain Research. Brain Research Reviews (1997) Feb;23(1-2):134-143.

Myers BL, Badia P: "Changes in circadian rhythms and sleep quality with aging: mechanisms and interventions." Neuroscience Biobehavior Reviews (1995) 19(4):553-571.

Nakamura S, Kobayashi Y, Tozuka K, Tokue A, Kimura A, Hamada C: "Circadian changes in urine volume and frequency in elderly men." Journal of Urology (1996) Oct;156(4):1275-1279.

Nicoll JA, Roberts GW, Graham DI: "Amyloid beta-protein, APOE genotype and head injury." Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences (1996) Jan 17;777:271-275.

Pantoni L, Garcia JH: "Cognitive impairment and cellular/vascular changes in the cerebral white matter." Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences (1997) Sep 26;826:92-102.

Papanicolaou DA, Wilder RL, Manolagas SC, Chrousos GP: "The pathophysiologic roles of interleukin-6 in human disease." Annals of Internal Medicine (1998) Jan 15;128(2):127-137.

Papanicolaou DA, Wilder RL, Manolagas SC, Chrousos GP: "The pathophysiologic roles of interleukin-6 in human disease." Annals of Internal Medicine (1998) Jan 15;128(2):127-137.

Perry E, Kay DW: "Some developments in brain ageing and dementia." British Journal of Biomedical Science (1997) Sep;54(3):201-215.

Playfer JR: "Parkinson's disease." Postgraduate Medical Journal (1997) May;73(859):257-284.

Poulin MJ, Cunningham DA, Paterson DH: "Dynamics of the ventilatory response to step changes in end-tidal PCO2 in older humans." Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology (1997) Aug;22(4):368-383.

Prinz PN: "Sleep and sleep disorders in older adults." Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology (1995) Mar;12(2):139-146.

Raz N, Dupuis JH, Briggs SD, McGavran C, Acker JD: "Differential effects of age and sex on the cerebellar hemispheres and the vermis: a prospective MR study." AJNR American Journal of Neuroradiology (1998) Jan;19(1):65-71.

Rice MM, Graves AB, McCurry SM, Larson EB: "Estrogen replacement therapy and cognitive function in postmenopausal women without dementia." Am J Med. (1997) Sep 22;103(3A) 26S-35S.

Richardson JS, Zhou Y, Kumar U: "Free radicals in the neurotoxic actions of beta-amyloid." Ann N Y Acad Sci. (1996) Jan 17;777 362-7.

Roses AD: "Apolipoprotein E, a gene with complex biological interactions in the aging brain." Neurobiology of Disease (1997) 4(3-4):170-185.

Seeman TE, McEwen BS, Singer BH, Albert MS, Rowe JW: "Increase in urinary cortisol excretion and memory declines: MacArthur studies of successful aging." Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism (1997) Aug;82(8):2458-2465.

Shadden BB: "Discourse behaviors in older adults." Seminars in Speech and Language (1997) May;18(2):143-156.

Shah GN, Mooradian AD: "Age-related changes in the blood-brain barrier." Experimental Gerontology (1997) Jul;32(4-5):501-519.

Simpkins JW, Green PS, Gridley KE, Singh M, de Fiebre NC, Rajakumar G : "Role of estrogen replacement therapy in memory enhancement and the prevention of neuronal loss associated with Alzheimer's disease." Am J Med. (1997) Sep 22;103(3A) 19S-25S.

Smith MA: "Alzheimer disease." International Review of Neurobiology (1998) 42:1-54.

Swaab DF: "Ageing of the human hypothalamus." American Journal of Cardiology (1995) Nov 2;76(13):2D-7D.

Teri L, McCurry SM, Logsdon RG: "Memory, thinking, and aging. What we know about what we know." Western Journal of Medicine (1997) Oct;167(4):269-275.

Touitou Y, Bogdan A, Haus E, Touitou C: "Modifications of circadian and circannual rhythms with aging." Experimental Gerontology (1997) Jul;32(4-5):603-614.

Touitou Y: "Effects of ageing on endocrine and neuroendocrine rhythms in humans." Hormone Research (1995) 43(1-3):12-19.

Wisniewski HM, Silverman W: "Diagnostic criteria for the neuropathological assessment of Alzheimer's disease: current status and major issues." Neurobiology of Aging (1997) Jul;18(4 Suppl):S43-S50.

Witelson SF: "Sex differences in neuroanatomical changes with aging." New England Journal of Medicine (1991) Jul 18;325(3):211-212.

Wohlert AB: "Tactile perception of spatial stimuli on the lip surface by young and older adults." Journal of Speech and Hear Research (1996) Dec;39(6):1191-1198.

Woodruff-Pak DS: "Classical conditioning." International Review of Neurobiology (1997) 41:341-366.

Yaar M, Gilchrest BA: "Human melanocytes as a model system for studies of Alzheimer disease." Archives of Dermatology (1997) Oct;133(10):1287-1291.

Zec RF: "The neuropsychology of aging." Experimental Gerontology (1995) May;30(3-4):431-442.

 First Edition

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