Some of these figures and pages may be copyright protected. I take no responsibility for matters related to copyright laws and regulations. Use these at your own discretion.
Augustine DiGiovanna, Ph.D.


Fig. 12.1 The urinary system.


Fig. 12.2 Kidney structure: (a) Internal regions and blood vessels. (b) A nephron.


Fig. 12.3 Filtration, reabsorption, and secretion by a nephron.


Fig. 12.4 Structure of the urinary bladder, urethra, and associated structures.