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1. Name and describe the methods by which the muscle system contributes to homeostasis and quality of life.
2. Describe the effects of aging on four of the following parameters for muscle cells and describe practical effects on maintaining homeostasis and quality of life from these age changes.
3. Describe the effects of age changes in motor neurons and action potentials on muscle performance.
4. Describe the effects of age changes in neurons other than motor neurons (i.e., sensory, CNS) on muscle performance.
5. Describe the effects of age changes and disease changes in the circulatory system on muscle functioning.
6. Describe the effects of aging on muscle mass and name six effects from these changes.
7. Describe the effects of age changes in the muscle system on (1) reaction time, (2) speed of motion, and (3) skill.
8. Describe the effects of aging on the four aspects of stamina; i.e., performing extended vigorous activity.
9. Describe the effects of aging and changes in exercise on VO2 max and describe the effects from these changes.
10. Describe effects on the muscle system and three other systems - circulatory system, skeletal system, endocrine system; on quality of life; on diseases; and on life expectancy from staying physically active - i.e., maintaining high level of exercise.
11. Describe the effects from reducing levels of physical activity.
12. Describe effects on the muscle system and three other systems - circulatory system, respiratory, nervous, skeletal, endocrine system; on quality of life; on diseases; and on life expectancy from increasing activity when older.
13. Explain why exercise programs for older people must be individualized.
14. Name six important steps or considerations in planning an exercise program for elders.
15. Describe effects of age changes and abnormal changes on ability to drive motor vehicles.
16. Explain why driving a motor vehicle is important to many elderly.
17. List ways by which adequate transportation can be retained longer in spite of age changes.
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© Copyright 1999 - Augustine G. DiGiovanna - All rights reserved.
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