Chapter 15
 Immune System - Learning Objectives
Return to Chapter Index

Return to Main Index

 1. Name three main benefits from immune system functioning.

 2. Name the three special characteristics of the immune system in defending the body and explain the benefits from each characteristic.

 3. Describe the general immune system functions of macrophages and Langerhans cells; types of T-cells; and B-cells

 4. Describe the general features in a primary immune response and secondary immune responses.

 5. Explain the importance of positive feedback in an immune response.

 6. Describe the general average effects of aging on immune system functioning.

 7. Name three main reasons for age-related changes in immune system functioning.

 8. Name four specific factors that cause an age-related decrease in the effectiveness of immune system functioning.

 9. Name four problems resulting from age changes in immune system functioning.

10. Name three ways to minimize consequences from age-related decreases in immune functioning.

Return to Top of Page

Return to Chapter Index

Return to Main Index
© Copyright 1999 - Augustine G. DiGiovanna - All rights reserved.
This material MAY be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in any data base or retrieval system ONLY under one of the following two conditions: (1) If no individual, group, organization, institution, company, corporation or other entity is charged for its use and only for use by instructors and students in courses where students are required to purchase the book HUMAN AGING: BIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES by Augustine G. DiGiovanna, The McGraw-Hill Companies, New York, 1994 or 2000; (2) If prior written permission is obtained from Augustine G. DiGiovanna.