Chapter 14
 Endocrine System - Learning Objectives
Return to Chapter Index

Return to Main Index

 1. Name and describe the main functions of the endocrine system.

 2. Describe the role of the endocrine system in modulating body conditions and functions through negative feedback systems.

 3. Compare the nervous and endocrine systems with respect to speed of action, area of influence, and duration of effects.

 4. Explain that the effectiveness of a hormone depends upon many factors and therefore is difficult to measure.

 5. For each of the following hormones, describe its overall effects and the effects of aging on the hormone's ability to perform its roles: growth hormone (GH), melatonin, thymosin, aldosterone, testosterone (in males), estrogen and progesterone (in females).

 6. Explain that the effectiveness of several hormones does not change substantially with aging.

 7. Name and describe two main temporary effects and three main permanent effects from hormone changes resulting from menopause.

 8. Describe beneficial and harmful effects from estrogen replacement therapy (ERT).

 9. Describe the role of insulin and the effects of aging on its effectiveness.

10. For diabetes mellitus among the elderly, name three contributing factors and five harmful effects and describe real life practical consequences from the harmful effects.
11. Name and describe the three common signs and symptoms of diabetes mellitus.

12. Name and describe methods for reducing the incidence and severity of problems from diabetes mellitus among the elderly.

Return to Top of Page

Return to Chapter Index

Return to Main Index
© Copyright 1999 - Augustine G. DiGiovanna - All rights reserved.
This material MAY be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in any data base or retrieval system ONLY under one of the following two conditions: (1) If no individual, group, organization, institution, company, corporation or other entity is charged for its use and only for use by instructors and students in courses where students are required to purchase the book HUMAN AGING: BIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES by Augustine G. DiGiovanna, The McGraw-Hill Companies, New York, 1994 or 2000; (2) If prior written permission is obtained from Augustine G. DiGiovanna.