Chapter 8
 Second Edition
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Aminoff T, Smolander J, Korhonen O, Louhevaara V: "Physical work capacity in dynamic exercise with differing muscle masses in healthy young and older men." European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology (1996) 73(1-2):180-185.

Balagopal P, Proctor D, Nair KS: "Sarcopenia and hormonal changes." Endocrine (1997) Aug;7(1):57-60.

Balagopal P, Rooyackers OE, Adey DB, Ades PA, Nair KS : "Effects of aging on in vivo synthesis of skeletal muscle myosin heavy-chain and sarcoplasmic protein in humans." Am J Physiol. (1997) Oct;273(4 Pt 1) E790-800.

Bemben MG: "Age-related alterations in muscular endurance." Sports Medicine (1998) Apr;25(4):259-269.

Bonnefoy M, Kostka T, Arsac LM, Berthouze SE, Lacour JR: "Peak anaerobic power in elderly men." European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology (1998) 77(1-2):182-188.

Booth FW, Weeden SH, Tseng BS: "Effect of aging on human skeletal muscle and motor function." Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise (1994);May;26(5):556-560.

Brown M, Sinacore DR, Host HH: "The relationship of strength to function in the older adult." J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci (1995) Nov;50 Spec No:55-9.

Chumlea WC, Guo SS, Vellas B, Guigoz Y: "Techniques of assessing muscle mass and function (sarcopenia) for epidemiological studies of the elderly." J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci (1995) Nov;50 Spec No:45-51.

Coggan AR: "Muscle biopsy as a tool in the study of aging." J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci (1995) Nov;50 Spec No:30-4.

Conley KE, Cress ME, Jubrias SA, Esselman PC, Odderson IR: "From muscle properties to human performance, using magnetic resonance." J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci (1995) Nov;50 Spec No:35-40.

Duchek JM, Hunt L, Ball K, Buckles V, Morris JC: "The role of selective attention in driving and dementia of the Alzheimer type." Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders (1997) Jun;11 Suppl 1:48-56.

Dutta C, Hadley EC, Lexell J: "Sarcopenia and physical performance in old age: overview." Muscle and Nerve. Supplement (1997) 5:S5-S9.

Dutta C, Hadley EC: "The significance of sarcopenia in old age." J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci (1995) Nov;50 Spec No:1-4.

Evans WJ: "What is sarcopenia?" J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci (1995) Nov;50 Spec No:5-8.

Grimby G: "Muscle performance and structure in the elderly as studied
cross-sectionally and longitudinally." J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci (1995) Nov;50 Spec No:17-22.

Hakim AA, Petrovitch H, Burchfiel CM, Ross GW, Rodriguez BL, White LR, Yano K, Curb JD, Abbott RD: "Effects of walking on mortality among nonsmoking retired men." New England Journal of Medicine (1998) Jan 8;338(2):94-99.

Hamerman D: "Aging and the musculoskeletal system." Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases (1997) Oct;56(10):578-585.

Heymsfield SB, Gallagher D, Visser M, Nunez C, Wang ZM: "Measurement of skeletal muscle: laboratory and epidemiological methods." J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci (1995) Nov;50 Spec No:23-9.

Hurley BF: "Age, gender, and muscular strength." J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci (1995) Nov;50 Spec No:41-4.

Ivy JL: "Role of exercise training in the prevention and treatment of insulin resistance and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus." Sports Medicine (1997) Nov;24(5):321-336.

Kenney WL: "Thermoregulation at rest and during exercise in healthy older adults." Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews (1997) 25:41-76.

Kenney WL, Buskirk ER: "Functional consequences of sarcopenia: effects on thermoregulation." J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci (1995) Nov;50 Spec No:78-85.

Kohrt WM, Holloszy JO: "Loss of skeletal muscle mass with aging: effect on glucose tolerance." J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci (1995) Nov;50 Spec No:68-72.

Kostka T, Bonnefoy M, Arsac LM, Berthouze SE, Belli A, Lacour JR: "Habitual physical activity and peak anaerobic power in elderly women." European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology (1997) 76(1):81-87.

Larsson L, Ansved T: "Effects of ageing on the motor unit.". Progress in Neurobiology (1995) Apr;45(5):397-458.

Lexell J: "Human aging, muscle mass, and fiber type composition." J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci (1995) Nov;50 Spec No:11-6

Lindle RS, Metter EJ, Lynch NA, Fleg JL, Fozard JL, Tobin J, Roy TA, Hurley BF: "Age and gender comparisons of muscle strength in 654 women and men aged 20-93yr." Journal of Applied Physiology (1997) Nov;83(5):1581-1587.

Maki BE, McIlroy WE: "The role of limb movements in maintaining upright stance: the"change-in-support." strategy." Physical Therapy (1997) May;77(5):488-507.

Marcus R: "Relationship of age-related decreases in muscle mass and strength to
skeletal status." J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci (1995) Nov;50 Spec No:86-7.

McCarter RJ: "Exercise and Aging." In: Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics Vol. 15 Chapter 8 (187-228) Springer Publishing Company, New York (1995).

Owsley: "Clinical and research issues on older drivers: future directions." Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders (1997) Jun;11 Suppl 1:3-7.

Petrella RJ, Cunningham DA, Paterson DH: "Effects of 5-day exercise training in elderly subjects on resting left ventricular diastolic function and VO2max." Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology (1997) Feb;22(1):37-47.

Hepple RT, Mackinnon SLM, Thomas SG, Goodman JM, Plyley MJ: "Quantitating the capillary supply and the response to resistance training in older men." Pflugers Archiv. European Journal of Physiology (1997) Jan;433(3):238-244.

Poehlman ET, Toth MJ, Fishman PS, Vaitkevicius P, Gottlieb SS, Fisher ML, Fonong T: "Sarcopenia in aging humans: the impact of menopause and disease." J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci (1995) Nov;50 Spec No:73-7.

Proctor DN, Joyner MJ: "Skeletal muscle mass and the reduction of VO2max in trained older subjects." Journal of Applied Physiology (1997) May;82(5):1411-1415.

Rantanen T, Era P, Heikkinen E: "Physical activity and the changes in maximal isometric strength in men and women from the age of 75 to 80 years." Journal of the American Geriatrics Society (1997) Dec;45(12):1439-1445.

Roos MR, Rice CL, Vandervoort AA: "Age-related changes in motor unit function." Muscle and Nerve (1997) Jun;20(6):679-690.

Schultz AB: "Muscle function and mobility biomechanics in the elderly: an overview of
some recent research." J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci (1995) Nov;50 Spec No:60-3.

Schwartz RS: "Sarcopenia and physical performance in old age: introduction." Muscle and Nerve. Supplement (1997) 5:S10-S12.

Seiler KS, Spirduso WW, Martin JC: "Gender differences in rowing performance and power with aging." Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise (1998) Jan;30(1):121-127.

Shephard RJ, Shek PN: "Cancer, immune function, and physical activity." Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology (1995) Mar;20(1):1-25.

Shepard RJ, Shek PN: "Impact of physical activity and sport on the immune system." Reviews on Environmental Health (1996) Jul;11(3):133-147.

Shinkai S, Konishi M, Shephard RJ: "Aging, exercise, training, and the immune system." Exercise Immunology Review (1997) 3:68-95.

Sial S, Coggan AR, Carroll R, Goodwin J, Klein S: "Fat and carbohydrate metabolism during exercise in elderly and young subjects." American Journal of Physiology (1996) Dec;271(6 Pt 1):E983-E989.

Staron RS: "Human skeletal muscle fiber types: delineation, development, and distribution." Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology (1997) Aug;22(4):307-327.

Tanaka H, Seals DR: "Age and gender interactions in physiological functional capacity: insight from swimming performance." Journal of Applied Physiology (1997) Mar;82(3):846-851.

Taunton JE, Martin AD, Rhodes EC, Wolski LA, Donelly M, Elliot J: "Exercise for the older woman: choosing the right prescription." British Journal of Sports Medicine (1997) Mar;31(1):5-10.

Tuite DJ, Renstrom PA, O'Brien M: "The aging tendon." Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports (1997) Apr;7(2):72-77.

Wallace RB: "Cognitive change, medical illness, and crash risk among older drivers: an epidemiological consideration." Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders (1997) Jun;11 Suppl 1:31-37.

Wolfson L, Judge J, Whipple R, King M: "Strength is a major factor in balance, gait, and the occurrence of falls." J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci (1995) Nov;50 Spec No:64-7.

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