Chapter 7
 Second Edition
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Atchison DA: "Accommodation and presbyopia." Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics (1995) Jul;15(4):255-272.

Benitez del Castillo JM, del Rio T, Garcia-Sanchez J: "Effects of estrogen use on lens transmittance in postmenopausal women." Ophthalmology (1997) Jun;104(6):970-973.

Brant LJ, Fozard JL: "Age changes in pure-tone hearing thresholds in a longitudinal study of normal human aging." Journal of the Acoustical Society of America (1990) Aug;88(2):813-820.

Gates GA, Rees TS: "Hear ye? Hear ye! Successful auditory aging." Western Journal of Medicine (1997) Oct;167(4):247-252.

Gilmartin B: "The aetiology of presbyopia: a summary of the role of lenticular and extralenticular structures." Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics (1995) Sep;15(5):431-437.

Green K: "Free radicals and aging of anterior segment tissues of the eye: a hypothesis." Ophthalmic Research (1995) 27 Suppl 1:143-149.

Grose JH: "Binaural performance and aging." Journal of the American Academy of Audiology (1996) Jun;7(3):168-174.

Hodge WG, Whitcher JP, Satariano W: "Risk factors for age-related cataracts." Epidemiologic Reviews (1995) 17(2):336-346.

Kline DW: "Optimizing the visibility of displays for older observers." Experimental Aging Research (1994);Jan;20(1):11-23.

Klein R, Klein BE, Moss SE: "Relation of smoking to the incidence of age-related maculopathy. The Beaver Dam Eye Study." American Journal of Epidemiology (1998) Jan 15;147(2):103-110.

Oliveira RJ: "The active ear canal." Journal of the American Academy of Audiology (1997) Dec;8(6):401-410.

Pierscionek BK, Weale RA: "The optics of the eye-lens and lenticular senescence. A review." Documenta Ophthalmologica (1995) 89(4):321-335.

Rose RC, Richer SP, Bode AM: "Ocular oxidants and antioxidant protection." Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine (1998) Apr;217(4):397-407.

Seidman MD, Jacobson GP: "Update on tinnitus." Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America (1996) Jun;29(3):455-465.

Smith SC: "Aging, physiology, and vision." Nurse Practitioner Forum (1998) Mar;9(1):19-22.

Vrensen GF: "Aging of the human eye lens--a morphological point of view." Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Physiology (1995) Aug;111(4):519-532.

Wyatt HJ, Fisher RF: "A simple view of age-related changes in the shape of the lens of the human eye." Eye (1995) 9( Pt 6):772-775.

 First Edition

_____________, Aging America: Trends and Projections, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1987-88 edition.

Abrams, William B., and Robert Berkow, The Merck Manual of Geriatrics, Merck Sharp and Dome Research Laboratories, Rahway, New Jersey, 1990.

Andrew, Warren, The Anatomy of Aging in Man and Animals, Grune and Stratton, New York 1971.

Charness, Neil, Aging and Human Performance, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1985.

Finch, Caleb E., and Leonard Hayflick, eds., Handbook of the Biology of Aging, Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York, 1977.

Gittings, Neil S., and James L. Fozard, "Age Related Changes in Visual Acuity", Experimental Gerontology, Vol. 21, pp. 423-433, 1986.

Greene, Henry A., and David J. Madden, "Adult Age Differences in Visual Acuity, Stereopsis, and Contrast Sensitivity", American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics, Vol. 64, pp. 749- 753, 1987.

Hazzard, William R., Reubin Andres, Edwin L. Bierman and John P. Blass, Principles of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology, 2nd edition, McGraw-Hill Information Services Company, New York, 1990.

Joseph, James A., ed., Central Determinants of Age-Related Declines in Motor Function, Vol. 15 of Annals of New York Academy of Sciences, New York Academy of Sciences, New York, 1988.

Kenney, Richard A., Physiology of Aging, Year Book Medical Publishers, Inc., Chicago, 1982.

Kline, Donald W., "Ageing and the Spatiotemporal Discrimination Performance of the Visual System", Eye, Vol. 1, pp. 323-329, 1987.

Mainster, Martin A., "Light and Macular Degeneration: A Biophysical and Clinical Perspective", Eye, Vol. 1, pp. 304-310, 1987.

Marieb, Elaine N., Human Anatomy and Physiology, The Benjamin/Cummings Publishing Company, Inc., Redwood City, California, 1989.

Marshall, John, "The Ageing Retina: Physiology or Pathology", Eye, Vol. 1, pp. 282-295, 1987.

Mellerio, J., "Yellowing of the Human Lens: Nuclear and Cortical Contributions", Vision Research, Vol. 27, pp. 1581-1587, 1987.

Price, Sylvia, A., and Lorraine M. Wilson, Pathophysiology: Clinical Concepts of Disease Processes, 3rd edition, McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York, 1986.

Sebag, J., "Ageing of the Vitreous", Eye, Vol. 1, pp. 254-262, 1987.

Shephard, Roy J., Physical Activity and Aging, Yearbook Medical Publishers, Inc., Chicago, 1978.

Sun, Fuchuan, Lawrance Stark, An Nguyen, James Wong, Vasudevan Lakshminarayanan, and Elizabeth Mueller, "Changes in Accommodation with Age: Static and Dynamic", American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics, Vol. 64, pp. 492-498, 1988.

Timiras, Paola S., ed., Physiological Basis of Geriatrics, MacMillan Publ. Co., N. Y., 1988.

Whitbourne, Susan Krauss, The Aging Body: Physiological Changes and Psychological Consequences, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1985.

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