Chapter 6
 Second Edition
Return to Main Index

Return to Chapter Index

(no author): "Report of the Working Group on: 'Molecular and Biochemical Markers of Alzheimer's Disease.'" Neurobiology of Aging (1998) 19(2):109-116.

(no author): "Consensus Recommendations for the Postmortem Diagnosis of Alzheimer's Disease." Neurobiology of Aging (1997) 18(S4):S1-S2.

Amar K, Wilcock GK, Scot M, Lewis T : "The presence of leuko-araiosis in patients with Alzheimer's disease predicts poor tolerance to tacrine, but does not discriminate responders from non-responders." Age Ageing. (1997) Jan;26(1) 25-9.

Aviv JE: "Effects of aging on sensitivity of the pharyngeal and supraglottic areas." American Journal of Medicine (1997) Nov 24;103(5A):74S-76S.

Bains JS, Shaw CA: "Neurodegenerative disorders in humans: the role of glutathione in oxidative stress-mediated neuronal death." Brain Research. Brain Research Reviews (1997) Dec;25(3):335-358.

Barber CE: "Olfactory acuity as a function of age and gender: a comparison of African and American samples." International Journal of Aging and Human Development (1997) 44(4):317-334.

Beffert U, Poirier J : "Apolipoprotein E, plaques, tangles and cholinergic dysfunction in Alzheimer's disease." Ann N Y Acad Sci. (1996) Jan 17;777 166-74.

Birge SJ, Mortel KF : "Estrogen and the treatment of Alzheimer's disease." Am J Med. (1997) Sep 22;103(3A) 36S-45S.

Birren JE, Fisher LM: "Aging and speed of behavior: possible consequences for psychological functioning." Annual Review of Psychology (1995) 46:329-353.

Bitsios P, Prettyman R, Szabadi E: "Changes in autonomic function with age: a study of pupillary kinetics in healthy young and old people." Age and Ageing (1996) Nov;25(6):432-438.

Bohlhalter S, Murck H, Holsboer F, Steiger A: "Cortisol enhances non-REM sleep and growth hormone secretion in elderly subjects." Neurobiology of Aging (1997) Jul;18(4):423-429.

Buee L, Hof PR, Delacourte A: "Brain microvascular changes in Alzheimer's disease and other dementias."Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences (1997) Sep 26;826:7-24.

Cagnacci A, Krauchi K, Wirz-Justice A, Volpe A: "Homeostatic versus circadian effects of melatonin on core body temperature in humans." Journal of Biological Rhythms (1997) Dec;12(6):509-517.

Caprio-Prevette MD, Fry PS: "Memory enhancement program for community-based older adults: development and evaluation." Experimental Aging Research (1996) Jul;22(3):281-303.

Carr DB, Goate A, Phil D, Morris JC: "Current concepts in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease." American Journal of Medicine (1997) Sep 22;103(3A):3S-10S.

Caruso AJ, McClowry MT, Max L: "Age-related effects on speech fluency." Seminars in Speech and Language (1997) May;18(2):171-179.

Charlesworth B: "Evolution of senescence: Alzheimer's disease and evolution." Current Biology (1996) Jan 1;6(1):20-22.

Copinschi G, Van Cauter E: "Effects of ageing on modulation of hormonal secretions by sleep and circadian rhythmicity." Hormone Research (1995) 43(1-3):20-24.

Cowen T, Gavazzi I: "Plasticity in adult and ageing sympathetic neurons." Progress in Neurobiology (1998) Feb;54(3):249-288.

de Leon MJ, Convit A, George AE, Golomb J, de Santi S, Tarshish C, Rusinek H, Bobinski M, Ince C, Miller D, Wisniewski H : "In vivo structural studies of the hippocampus in normal aging and in incipient Alzheimer's disease." Ann N Y Acad Sci. (1996) Jan 17;777 1-13.

De Jong GI, De Vos RA, Steur EN, Luiten PG: "Cerebrovascular hypoperfusion: a risk factor for Alzheimer's disease? Animal model and postmortem human studies." Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences (1997) Sep 26;826:56-74.

Dickson DW: "The pathogenesis of senile plaques." Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology (1997) Apr;56(4):321-339.

Donahue JL, Lowenthal DT: "Nocturnal polyuria in the elderly person." American Journal of the Medical Sciences (1997) Oct;314(4):232-238.

Dubbels R, Reiter RJ, Klenke E, Goebel A, Schnakenberg E, Ehlers C, Schiwara HW, Schloot W: "Melatonin in edible plants identified by radioimmunoassay and by high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry." J. Pineal Res (1995) 18:28-31.

Feuerstein TJ, Seeger W: "Modulation of acetylcholine release in human cortical slices: possible implications for Alzheimer's disease." Pharmacology and Therapeutics (1997) 74(3):333-347.

Forbes WF, Gentleman JF, Park E : "Dementia and age at death." Exp Gerontol. (1995) Sep-Oct;30(5) 445-53.

Gasiorowski K, Leszek J: "A proposed new strategy of immunotherapy for Alzheimer's disease." Medical Hypotheses (1997) Oct;49(4):319-326.

Giambra LM: "Sustained attention and aging: overcoming the decrement?." Experimental Aging Research (1997) Apr;23(2):145-161.

Giannakopoulos P, Hof PR, Michel JP, Guimon J, Bouras C: "Cerebral cortex pathology in aging and Alzheimer's disease: a quantitative survey of large hospital-based geriatric and psychiatric cohorts." Brain Research. Brain Research Reviews (1997) Oct;25(2):217-245.

Goedert M : "Tau protein and the neurofibrillary pathology of Alzheimer's disease." Ann N Y Acad Sci. (1996) Jan 17;777 121-31.

Grammas P, Botchlet TR, Moore P, Weigel PH : "Production of neurotoxic factors by brain endothelium in Alzheimer's disease." Ann N Y Acad Sci. (1997) Sep 26;826 47-55.

Hachinski V, Munoz DG : "Cerebrovascular pathology in Alzheimer's disease: cause, effect or epiphenomenon?." Ann N Y Acad Sci. (1997) Sep 26;826 1-6.

Hattori A, Migitaka H, Iigo M, Itoh M, Yamamoto K, Ohtani-Kaneko R, Hara M, Suzuki T, Reiter RJ: "Identification of melatonin in plants and its effect on plasma melatonin levels and binding to melatonin receptors in vertebrates." Biochem. Mol. Biol. Int. (1995) 35:627-634.

Henderson VW : "Estrogen, cognition, and a woman's risk of Alzheimer's disease." Am J Med. (1997) Sep 22;103(3A) 11S-18S.

Hock C, Villringer K, Muller-Spahn F, Hofmann M, Schuh-Hofer S, Heekeren H, Wenzel R, Dirnagl U, Villringer A: "Near infrared spectroscopy in the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease." Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences (1996) Jan 17;777:22-29.

Hof PR: "Morphology and neurochemical characteristics of the vulnerable neurons in brain aging and Alzheimer's disease." European Neurology (1997) 37(2):71-81.

Hofman MA: "Lifespan changes in the human hypothalamus." Experimental Gerontology (1997) Jul;32(4-5):559-575.

Hoyer S: "Oxidative metabolism deficiencies in brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease." Acta Neurolologica Scandinavica. Supplementum (1996) 165:18-24.

Huppert F, Wilcock G: "Ageing, cognition and dementia." Age and Ageing (1997) Dec;26 Suppl 4:20-23.

Hyman BT, Gomez-Isla T, West H, Briggs M, Chung H, Growdon JH, Rebeck GW : "Clinical and neuropathological correlates of apolipoprotein E genotype in Alzheimer's disease. Window on molecular epidemiology." Ann N Y Acad Sci. (1996) Jan 17;777 158-65.

Jelicic M: "Aging and performance on implicit memory tasks: a brief review." International Journal of Neuroscience (1995) Jun;82(3-4):155-161.

Kalaria RN, Cohen DL, Premkumar DR, "Apolipoprotein E alleles and brain vascular pathology in Alzheimer's disease." Ann N Y Acad Sci. (1996) Jan 17;777 266-70.

Kalaria RN: "Cerebral vessels in ageing and Alzheimer's disease." Pharmacology and Therapeutics (1996) 72(3):193-214.

Knight JA: "Reactive oxygen species and the neurodegenerative disorders." Annals of Clinical Laboratory Science (1997) Jan;27(1):11-25.

Kubeck JE, Delp ND, Haslett TK, McDaniel MA: "Does job-related training performance decline with age?." Psychology and Aging (1996) Mar;11(1):92-107.

Lexell J: "Evidence for nervous system degeneration with advancing age." Journal of Nutrition (1997) May;127(5 Suppl):1011S-1013S.

Lubinski R, Welland RJ : "Normal aging and environmental effects on communication." Semin Speech Lang. (1997) May;18(2) 107-25.

Madden KS, Rajan S, Bellinger DL, Felten SY, Felten DL: "Age-associated alterations in sympathetic neural interactions with the immune system." Developmental and Comparative Immunology (1997) Nov;21(6):479-486.

Mahley RW, Nathan BP, Pitas RE : "Apolipoprotein E. Structure, function, and possible roles in Alzheimer's disease." Ann N Y Acad Sci. (1996) Jan 17;777 139-45.

Masliah E, Mallory M, Veinbergs I, Miller A, Samuel W: "Alterations in apolipoprotein E expression during aging and neurodegeneration." Progress in Neurobiology (1996) Dec;50(5-6):493-503.

McCann SM: "The nitric oxide hypothesis of brain aging." Experimental Gerontology (1997) Jul;32(4-5):431-440.

McEwen BS, Magarinos AM: "Stress effects on morphology and function of the hippocampus." Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences (1997) Jun 21;821:271-284.

Meek PD, McKeithan K, Schumock GT: "Economic considerations in Alzheimer's disease." Pharmacotherapy (1998) Mar;18(2 Pt 2):68-73.

Monk TH, Buysse DJ, Reynolds CF 3rd, Kupfer DJ, Houck PR: "Circadian temperature rhythms of older people." Experimental Gerontology (1995) Sep;30(5):455-474.

Moody DM, Brown WR, Challa VR, Ghazi-Birry HS, Reboussin DM: "Cerebral microvascular alterations in aging, leukoaraiosis, and Alzheimer's disease." Annals of the New York Academy of Science (1997) Sep 26;826:103-116.

Morrison JH, Hof PR: "Life and death of neurons in the aging brain." Science (1997) Oct 17;278(5337):412-419.

Muir JL: "Acetylcholine, aging, and Alzheimer's disease." Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior (1997) Apr;56(4):687-696.

Multhaup G, Ruppert T, Schlicksupp A, Hesse L, Beher D, Masters CL, Beyreuther K: "Reactive oxygen species and Alzheimer's disease." Biochemical Pharmacology (1997) Sep 1;54(5):533-539.

Munch G, Thome J, Foley P, Schinzel R, Riederer P: "Advanced glycation end products in ageing and Alzheimer's disease." Brain Research. Brain Research Reviews (1997) Feb;23(1-2):134-143.

Myers BL, Badia P: "Changes in circadian rhythms and sleep quality with aging: mechanisms and interventions." Neuroscience Biobehavior Reviews (1995) 19(4):553-571.

Nakamura S, Kobayashi Y, Tozuka K, Tokue A, Kimura A, Hamada C: "Circadian changes in urine volume and frequency in elderly men." Journal of Urology (1996) Oct;156(4):1275-1279.

Nicoll JA, Roberts GW, Graham DI: "Amyloid beta-protein, APOE genotype and head injury." Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences (1996) Jan 17;777:271-275.

Pantoni L, Garcia JH: "Cognitive impairment and cellular/vascular changes in the cerebral white matter." Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences (1997) Sep 26;826:92-102.

Papanicolaou DA, Wilder RL, Manolagas SC, Chrousos GP: "The pathophysiologic roles of interleukin-6 in human disease." Annals of Internal Medicine (1998) Jan 15;128(2):127-137.

Papanicolaou DA, Wilder RL, Manolagas SC, Chrousos GP: "The pathophysiologic roles of interleukin-6 in human disease." Annals of Internal Medicine (1998) Jan 15;128(2):127-137.

Perry E, Kay DW: "Some developments in brain ageing and dementia." British Journal of Biomedical Science (1997) Sep;54(3):201-215.

Playfer JR: "Parkinson's disease." Postgraduate Medical Journal (1997) May;73(859):257-284.

Poulin MJ, Cunningham DA, Paterson DH: "Dynamics of the ventilatory response to step changes in end-tidal PCO2 in older humans." Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology (1997) Aug;22(4):368-383.

Prinz PN: "Sleep and sleep disorders in older adults." Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology (1995) Mar;12(2):139-146.

Raz N, Dupuis JH, Briggs SD, McGavran C, Acker JD: "Differential effects of age and sex on the cerebellar hemispheres and the vermis: a prospective MR study." AJNR American Journal of Neuroradiology (1998) Jan;19(1):65-71.

Rice MM, Graves AB, McCurry SM, Larson EB: "Estrogen replacement therapy and cognitive function in postmenopausal women without dementia." Am J Med. (1997) Sep 22;103(3A) 26S-35S.

Richardson JS, Zhou Y, Kumar U: "Free radicals in the neurotoxic actions of beta-amyloid." Ann N Y Acad Sci. (1996) Jan 17;777 362-7.

Roses AD: "Apolipoprotein E, a gene with complex biological interactions in the aging brain." Neurobiology of Disease (1997) 4(3-4):170-185.

Seeman TE, McEwen BS, Singer BH, Albert MS, Rowe JW: "Increase in urinary cortisol excretion and memory declines: MacArthur studies of successful aging." Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism (1997) Aug;82(8):2458-2465.

Shadden BB: "Discourse behaviors in older adults." Seminars in Speech and Language (1997) May;18(2):143-156.

Shah GN, Mooradian AD: "Age-related changes in the blood-brain barrier." Experimental Gerontology (1997) Jul;32(4-5):501-519.

Simpkins JW, Green PS, Gridley KE, Singh M, de Fiebre NC, Rajakumar G : "Role of estrogen replacement therapy in memory enhancement and the prevention of neuronal loss associated with Alzheimer's disease." Am J Med. (1997) Sep 22;103(3A) 19S-25S.

Smith MA: "Alzheimer disease." International Review of Neurobiology (1998) 42:1-54.

Swaab DF: "Ageing of the human hypothalamus." American Journal of Cardiology (1995) Nov 2;76(13):2D-7D.

Teri L, McCurry SM, Logsdon RG: "Memory, thinking, and aging. What we know about what we know." Western Journal of Medicine (1997) Oct;167(4):269-275.

Touitou Y, Bogdan A, Haus E, Touitou C: "Modifications of circadian and circannual rhythms with aging." Experimental Gerontology (1997) Jul;32(4-5):603-614.

Touitou Y: "Effects of ageing on endocrine and neuroendocrine rhythms in humans." Hormone Research (1995) 43(1-3):12-19.

Wisniewski HM, Silverman W: "Diagnostic criteria for the neuropathological assessment of Alzheimer's disease: current status and major issues." Neurobiology of Aging (1997) Jul;18(4 Suppl):S43-S50.

Witelson SF: "Sex differences in neuroanatomical changes with aging." New England Journal of Medicine (1991) Jul 18;325(3):211-212.

Wohlert AB: "Tactile perception of spatial stimuli on the lip surface by young and older adults." Journal of Speech and Hear Research (1996) Dec;39(6):1191-1198.

Woodruff-Pak DS: "Classical conditioning." International Review of Neurobiology (1997) 41:341-366.

Yaar M, Gilchrest BA: "Human melanocytes as a model system for studies of Alzheimer disease." Archives of Dermatology (1997) Oct;133(10):1287-1291.

Zec RF: "The neuropsychology of aging." Experimental Gerontology (1995) May;30(3-4):431-442.

 First Edition

_____________, Aging America: Trends and Projections, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1987-88 edition.

Abrams, William B., and Robert Berkow, The Merck Manual of Geriatrics, Merck Sharp and Dome Research Laboratories, Rahway, New Jersey, 1990.

Adams, Inta, "Plasticity of the Synaptic Contact Zone Following Loss of Synapses in the Cerebral Cortex of Aging Humans", Brain Research, Vol. 424, pp. 343-351, 1987.

Andres, Reubin, Edwin Bierman, and William R. Hazzard, eds., Principles of Geriatric Medicine, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York. 1985.

Arenberg, David, and Elizabeth A. Robertson-Tchabo, "Adult Age Differences in Memory and Linguiistic Integeration Revisited", Experimental Aging Research, Vol. 11, pp. 187-191, 1985.

Ashford, J. Wesson, Paul Kolm, Jerry A. Colliver, Cathy Bekian, and Lee-Nah Hsu, "Alzheimer Patient Evaluation and the Mini-Mental State: Item Characteristic Curve Analysis", Journal of Gerontology, Vol. 44., pp. P139-146, 1989.

Baker, Andrea C., Li-Wen Ko and John P. Blass, "Systemic Manifistations of Alzheimer's Disease", Age, Vol. 11, pp. 60-65, 1988.

Barclay, Laurie, "Differential Diagnosis of Dementing Diseases", Age, Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 19-22, 1988.

Bigl, V., T. Arendt, S. Fischer, S. Fischer, M. Werner, and A. Arendt, "The Cholinergic System in Aging", Gerontology, Vol. 33, pp. 172-180, 1987.

Bittles, A.H., and K. J. Collins, The Biology of Human Ageing, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1986.

Borson, Soo, Robert F. Barnes, Richard C. Veith, Jeffrey B. Halter, and Murray A. Raskind, "Impaired Sympathetic Nervous System Response to Cognitive Effort in Early Alzheimer's Disease", Journal of Gerontology, Vol. 44, pp. M8-12, 1989.

Brandt, Lawrence J., Gastrointestinal Disorders of the Elderly, Raven Press, New York, 1984.

Burke, Jean R., Gary Kamen, and David M. Koceja, "Long-Latency Enhancement of Quadriceps Excitability From Stimultation of Skin Afferents in Young and Old Adults", Journal of Gerontology, Vol. 44, pp. M158-163, 1989.

Burns, Elizabeth M., and Kathleen Coen Buckwalter, "Pathophysiology and Etiology of Alzheimer's Disease" pp. 11-29 in The Nursing Clinics of North America , Vol. 23, No. 1, W. B. Saunders Co., Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc., Philadelphia, March 1988.

Busse, Ewald W., and George L. Maddox, The Duke Longitudinal Studies of Normal Aging: 1955-1980, Springer Publishing Co., N. Y., 1985.

Charness, Neil, Aging and Human Performance, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1985.

Chauhan, J., Z. J. Hawrysh, M. Gee, E. A. Donald, and T. K. Basu, "Age- Related Olfactory and Taste Changes and Interrelationships Between Taste and Nutrition", Journal of the American Dietetic Association, Vol. 87, pp. 1543-1550.

Clark, Matt, Mariana Gosnell, Deborah Witherspoon, Janet Huck, Mary Hager, Darby Junkin, Patricia King, Amy Wallace, and Tracey L. Robinson, "A Slow Death of the Mind", Newsweek, Vol. 104, pp. 156-162, 1984.

Coleman, Paul D., and Dorothy G. Flood, "Neuron Numbers and Dendritic Extent in Normal Aging and Alzheimer's Disease", Neurobiology of Aging, Vol. 8, pp. 521-545, 1987.

Costa, Paul T., and Robert R. McCrae, "The Case for Personality Stability", pp. 418-431 in Maddox, George L., and E. W. Busse, eds., Aging: The Universal Human Experience, Springer Publishing Company, New York, 1987.

Cowley, Geoffrey, "Progress on Parkinson's", Newsweek, Vol. 122, p. 68, Dec. 7, 1992.

Davis, Bernard B., and W. Gibson Wood, eds., Homeostatic Functions and Aging, Aging Series, Vol. 30, Raven Press, N.Y., 1985.

Devine-Gage, Evelyn A., Edmund C. Jenkins, W. Ted Brown, Nikolaos K. Robakis, and Henryk M. Wisniewski, "The Genetics of Familial Alzheimer's Disease", Age, Vol. 11, pp. 98-102, 1988.

Evered, David, and Julie Whelan, eds., Research and the Aging Population, Ciba Foundation, John Wiley and Sons, Chichester, 1988.

Ferguson, D. B., ed., The Aging Mouth, Karger, New York, 1987 from the series Ferguson, D. B., ed., Frontiers of Oral Physiology, Vol. 6.

Finch, Caleb E., and Edward L. Schneider, eds., Handbook of the Biology of Aging, 2nd edition. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., N.Y., 1985.

Finch, Caleb E., and Leonard Hayflick, eds., Handbook of the Biology of Aging, Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York, 1977.

Freed, Curt R., et al., "Survival of Implanted Fetal Dopamine Cells and Neurologic Improvement 12 to 46 Months after Transplantation for Parkinson's Disease", The New England Journal of Medicine, Vol. 327, pp. 1549-1555, 1992.

Hayslip, Bert, and Kevin J. Kennelly, "Cognitive and Noncognitive Factors Affecting Learning among Older Adults", pp. 73-98 in Lumsden, Barry, D., ed., The Older Adult as Learner, Hemisphere Publishing Corporation, New York. 1988.

Hazzard, William R., Reubin Andres, Edwin L. Bierman and John P. Blass, Principles of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology, 2nd edition, McGraw-Hill Information Services Company, New York, 1990.

Inglin, Barbara, and Marjorie Woollacott, "Age-Related Changes in Anticipatory Postural Adjustments Associated With Arm Movements", Jounal of Gerontology, Vol. 43, pp. M105-113, 1988.

Joachim, Catharine L., and Dennis J. Selkoe, "Minireview: Amyloid Protein in Alzheimer's Disease", Journal of Gerontology, Vol. 44, pp. B77-82, 1989.

Joseph, James A., ed., Central Determinants of Age-Related Declines in Motor Function, Vol. 15 of Annals of New York Academy of Sciences, New York Academy of Sciences, New York, 1988.

Katzman, Robert, "Alzheimer's Disease", The New England Journal of Medicine, Vol. 314, pp. 964-973, 1986.

Kenney, Richard A., Physiology of Aging, Year Book Medical Publishers, Inc., Chicago, 1982.

Kent, Barbara, and Robert N. Butler, Human Aging Research: Concepts and Techniques, in Aging Series Volume 34, Raven Press, N.Y., 1988.

Maddox, George L., and E. W. Busse, Aging: The Universal Human Experience, Springer Publishing Company, New York, 1987.

Montamat, Stephen C., and Albert O. Davies, "Physiological Response to Isoproterenol and Coupling of Bete-Andrenergic Receptors in Young and Elderly Human Subjects", Jounal of Genontology, Vol. 44, no. 3, pp. M100- 105, 1989.

Pressman, Mark R., and June M. Fry, "What Is Normal Sleep in the Elderly?", Common Clinical Challenges in Geriatrics, Vol. 4, pp. 71-80, 1988.

Price, Sylvia, A., and Lorraine M. Wilson, Pathophysiology: Clinical Concepts of Disease Processes, 3rd edition, McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York, 1986.

Richey, Monica L., Hobart K. Richey, and Neil A. Fenske, "Aging-Related Skin Changes: Development and Clinical Meaning", Geriatrics, Vol. 43(Apr), pp. 49-64, 1988.

Rowe, John W., "Clinical Consequences of Age-Related Impairments in Vascular Compliance", American Journal of Cardiology, Vol. 60, pp. 68G- 71G, 1987.

Schellenberg, Gerard D., et al., "Genetic Linkage Evidence for a Familial Alzheimer's Disease Locus on Chromosome 14", Science, Vol. 258, pp. 668- 671, Oct. 23, 1992.

Shephard, Roy J., Physical Activity and Aging, Yearbook Medical Publishers, Inc., Chicago, 1978.

Shock, Nathan W., "Homeostasis", pp. 328-329, in Maddox, G. L., ed., The Encyclopedia of Aging, Springer, New York, 1987.

Shock, Nathan W., Richard C. Greulich, Reubin Andres, David Arenberg, Paul T. Costa, Edward G. Lakatta, and Jordan D. Tobin, Normal Human Aging: The Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, NIH Publication No. 84-2450, 1984.

Spencer, Dennis D., et al., "Unilateral Transplantation of Human Fetal Mesencephalic Tissue into the Caudate Nucleus of Patients with Parkinson's Disease", The New England Journal of Medicine, Vol. 327, pp. 1541-1548, 1992.

Stelmach, George E., Jim Phillips, Richard P. DiFabio, and Normand Teasdale, "Age, Functional Postural Reflexes, and Voluntary Sway", Journal of Gerontology, Vol. 44 pp. B100-106, 1989.

Terry, Robert D., ed., Aging and the Brain, Aging Series, Vol.32, Raven Press, New York, 1988.

Timiras, Paola S., ed., Physiological Basis of Geriatrics, MacMillan Publ. Co., N. Y., 1988.

U'ren, Richard C., "Testing Older Patients' Mental Status: Practical Office- Based Approach", Geriatrics, Vol. 42, pp. 49-56, 1987.

Vlassara, Helen, "Peripheral Neuropathy and Aging", Age, Vol. 11, pp. 74-78, 1988.

Whitbourne, Susan Krauss, The Aging Body: Physiological Changes and Psychological Consequences, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1985.

Widner, Hakan, et at., "Bilateral Fetal Mesencephalic Grafting in Two Patients with Parkinsonism Induced by 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6- tetrahydropyridine (MPTP), The New England Journal of Medicine, Vol. 327, pp. 1556-1563, 1992.

Wurtman, Richard J., "Alzheimer's Disease", Scientific American, Vol. 252, pp. 62-66, 1985.

Return to Top of Page

Return to Chapter Index

Return to Main Index

©Copyright 1999 - Augustine G. DiGiovanna - All rights reserved.
This material may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in any data base or retrieval system ONLY under one of the following two conditions: (1) If no individual, group, organization, institution, company, corporation or other entity is charged for its use and only for use by instructors and students in courses where students are required to purchase the book HUMAN AGING: BIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES by Augustine G. DiGiovanna, The McGraw-Hill Companies, New York, 1994 or 2000; (2) If prior written permission is obtained from Augustine G. DiGiovanna.