Chapter 5
 Second Edition
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Aviv JE: "Effects of aging on sensitivity of the pharyngeal and supraglottic areas." American Journal of Medicine (1997) Nov 24;103(5A):74S-76S.

Benjamin BJ: "Speech production of normally aging adults.".: "Seminars in Speech and Language (1997) May;18(2):135-141.".

Caruso AJ, McClowry MT, Max L: "Age-related effects on speech fluency." Seminars in Speech and Language (1997) May;18(2):171-179.

Chodzko-Zajko WJ: "Normal aging and human physiology." Seminars in Speech and Language (1997) May;18(2):95-104.

Klein R, Klein BE, Moss SE: "Relation of smoking to the incidence of age-related maculopathy. The Beaver Dam Eye Study." American Journal of Epidemiology (1998) Jan 15;147(2):103-110.

Lazarus R, Sparrow D, Weiss ST: "Effects of obesity and fat distribution on ventilatory function: the normative aging study." Chest (1997) Apr;111(4):891-898.

Levy P, Pepin JL, Malauzat D, Emeriau JP, Leger JM: "Is sleep apnea syndrome in the elderly a specific entity?." Sleep (1996) Apr;19(3 Suppl):S29-S38.

Martin SE, Mathur R, Marshall I, Douglas NJ: "The effect of age, sex, obesity and posture on  upper airway size." European Respiratory Journal (1997) Sep;10(9):2087-2090.

Morris RJ, Brown WS Jr: "Age-related differences in speech variability among women." Journal of Communication Disorders (1994);Mar;27(1):49-64.

Mueller PB: "The aging voice." Seminars in Speech and Language (1997) May;18(2):159-168.

Poole DC, Sexton WL, Farkas GA, Powers SK, Reid MB: "Diaphragm structure and function in health and disease." Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise (1997) Jun;29(6):738-754.

Poulin MJ, Cunningham DA, Paterson DH: "Dynamics of the ventilatory response to step changes in end-tidal PCO2 in older humans." Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology (1997) Aug;22(4):368-383.

Sasaki H, Sekizawa K, Yanai M, Arai H, Yamaya M, Ohrui T: "New strategies for aspiration pneumonia." Internal Medicine (1997) Dec;36(12):851-855.

Shadden BB: "Discourse behaviors in older adults." Seminars in Speech and Language (1997) May;18(2):143-156.

Smith JB, Fenske NA: "Cutaneous manifestations and consequences of smoking." Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology (1996) May;34(5 Pt 1):717-732.

 First Edition

Abrams, William B., and Robert Berkow, The Merck Manual of Geriatrics, Merck Sharp and Dome Research Laboratories, Rahway, New Jersey, 1990.

Andres, Reubin, Edwin Bierman, and William R. Hazzard, eds., Principles of Geriatric Medicine, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York. 1985.

Blumenthal, James A., Charles F. Emery, David J. Madden, Linda K. George, R. Edward Coleman, Margaret W. Riddle, Daphne McKee, C. John Reasoner, R. Sanders, and Williams, "Cardiovascular and Behavioral Effects of Aerobic Exercise Training in Healthy Older Men and Women", Journal of Gerontology, Vol. 44, no. 5, pp. M147-157, 1989.

Evered, David, and Julie Whelan, eds., Research and the Aging Population, Ciba Foundation, John Wiley and Sons, Chichester, 1988.

Finch, Caleb E., and Leonard Hayflick, eds., Handbook of the Biology of Aging, Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York, 1977.

Finch, Caleb E., and Edward L. Schneider, eds., Handbook of the Biology of Aging, 2nd edition. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., N.Y., 1985.

Fleg, Jerome L., "Alterations in Cardiovascular Structure and Function with Advancing Age", The American Journal of Cardiology, Vol. 57, pp. 33C-44C, 1986

Hamberg, James M., John E. Yerg, II, and Douglas R. Seals, "Pulmonary Function in Young and Older Athletes and Untrained Men", J. Applied Physiol., Vol. 65, pp. 101-105, 1988.

Kenney, Richard A., Physiology of Aging, Year Book Medical Publishers, Inc., Chicago, 1982.

Price, Sylvia, A., and Lorraine M. Wilson, Pathophysiology: Clinical Concepts of Disease Processes, 3rd edition, McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York, 1986.

Robbins, Stanley L., Marcia Angell, and Vinay Kumar, Basic Pathology, W. B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia, 1981.

Shephard, Roy J., Physical Activity and Aging, Yearbook Medical Publishers, Inc., Chicago, 1978.

Shock, Nathan W., Richard C. Greulich, Reubin Andres, David Arenberg, Paul T. Costa, Edward G. Lakatta, and Jordan D. Tobin Normal Human Aging: The Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging,U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, NIH Publication No. 84-2450, 1984.

Smith, Everett L., and Robert C. Serfass, eds., Exercise and Aging: The Scientific Basis, Enslow Publishers, Hillside, N. J., 1980.

Timiras, Paola S., ed., Physiological Basis of Geriatrics, MacMillan Publ. Co., N. Y., 1988.

Whitbourne, Susan Krauss, The Aging Body: Physiological Changes and Psychological Consequences, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1985.

Young, Roscoe C., Jr., Denise L. Borden, and Raylinda E. Rachal, "Aging of the Lung: Pulmonary Disease in the Elderly", Age, Vol. 10, pp. 138-145, 1987.

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